Vitamin d steroids

As kidney function is impaired, the inability to maintain adequate phosphorus and calcium levels results in compensatory mechanisms involving parathyroid hormone. Resultant increases in bone metabolism to release calcium to the system cause bone deformation, pain, and an increased risk of fractures. Supplementation of vitamin D suppresses parathyroid hormone, but it may also slow the progression of chronic kidney disease via novel pathways. Vitamin D analogs, such as paricalcitol, may exert anti-inflammatory effects, as well as affect the renin-angiotensin systems and decrease morbidity and mortality. However, studies are limited. 28 , 29 , 30

Vitamin d steroids

vitamin d steroids

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